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Genç Futbolcularda 60° Açısal Hızlardaki İzokinetik Kuvvet Değerlerinin Sıçrama ve Sprint Performansı ile İlişkisi

Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 26 - 31, 14.06.2022

Öz

Bu çalışma genç futbolcuların diz eklemi fleksör ile ekstansör kas gruplarının 60° açısal hızda ölçülen izokinetik kuvvetlerinin ile 10 m ve 30 metre linear sprint performansı ile aktif ve squat sıçrama testleri arasındaki ilişkinin ortaya koyulması amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırmaya yaş ortalamaları 15,65±0,93 yıl, boy uzunluğu ortalamaları 177,45 ± 7,42 cm, vücut ağırlığı ortalamaları 70,08±4,31 kg olan 49 gönüllü futbol oyuncusu katılmıştır. Katılımcılara, aktif ve squat sıçrama testleri, 10 ve 30 m sprint testleri ve 60o/s açısal hızda izokinetik kuvvet testi uygulanmıştır. 60o/s açısal hızdan elde edilen izokinetik kuvvet değerleri ile aktif sıçrama ve squat sıçrama yükseklikleri ve 10m sprint süresi arasında herhangi bir ilişkiye rastlanmamıştır (p> 0,05). Sağ ve sol bacak ekstansiyon tepe tork kuvvetleri arasında 30m sprint sürelerinde negatif yönde ilişki olduğu tespit edilmiştir (p<0,05). Sonuç olarak izokinetik kuvvet testlerinde kullanılan düşük açısal hızlarda elde edilen tepe tork değerlerinin, sporcuların sıçrama ve sprint performansı hakkında bilgi sağlamayacağı düşünülmektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Andersson, H., Raastad, T., Nilsson, J., Paulsen, G., Garthe, I., & Kadi, F. (2008). Neuromuscular fatigue and recovery in elite female soccer: effects of active recovery. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 40(2), 372–380.
  • Baroni BM, Ruas CV, Ribeiro-Alvares JB, Pinto RS. (2020). Hamstring-to-Quadriceps Torque Ratios of Professional Male Soccer Players: A Systematic Review. J Strength Cond Res. Jan;34(1):281-293.
  • Cometti, G., Maffiuletti, N. A., Pousson, M., Chatard, J. C., & Maffulli, N. (2001). Isokinetic strength and anaerobic power of elite, subelite and amateur French soccer players. International journal of sports medicine, 22(01), 45-51.
  • Dowson, M. N., Nevill, M. E., Lakomy, H. K. A., Nevill, A. M., & Hazeldine, R. J. (1998). Modelling the relationship between isokinetic muscle strength and sprint running performance. Journal of sports sciences, 16(3), 257-265.
  • Hori, M., Suga, T., Terada, M., Tanaka, T., Kusagawa, Y., Otsuka, M., ... & Isaka, T. (2021). Relationship of the knee extensor strength but not the quadriceps femoris muscularity with sprint performance in sprinters: a reexamination and extension. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 13(1), 1-10.
  • Iaia FM, Rampinini E, Bangsbo J. (2009). High-intensity training in football. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. Sep;4(3):291-306. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.4.3.291. PMID: 19953818.
  • Iossifidou, A., Baltzopoulos, V., & Giakas, G. (2005). Isokinetic knee extension and vertical jumping: are they related?. Journal of sports sciences, 23(10), 1121-1127.
  • Kabacinski, J., Murawa, M., Mackala, K., & Dworak, L. B. (2018). Knee strength ratios in competitive female athletes. PloS one, 13(1), e0191077.
  • Kabacinski, J., Szozda, P. M., Mackala, K., Murawa, M., Rzepnicka, A., Szewczyk, P., & Dworak, L. B. (2022). Relationship between Isokinetic Knee Strength and Speed, Agility, and Explosive Power in Elite Soccer Players. International journal of environmental research and public health, 19(2), 671.
  • Krustrup, P., Mohr, M., Steensberg, A., Bencke, J., Kjaer, M., & Bangsbo, J. (2006). Muscle and blood metabolites during a soccer game: implications for sprint performance. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 38(6), 1165–1174.
  • Krustrup, P., Christensen, J. F., Randers, M. B., Pedersen, H., Sundstrup, E., Jakobsen, M. D., Krustrup, B. R., Nielsen, J. J., Suetta, C., Nybo, L., & Bangsbo, J. (2010). Muscle adaptations and performance enhancements of soccer training for untrained men. European journal of applied physiology, 108(6), 1247–1258.
  • Laudner, K., Evans, D., Wong, R., Allen, A., Kirsch, T., Long, B., & Meister, K. (2015). Relationship between isokinetic knee strength and jump characteristics following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. International journal of sports physical therapy, 10(3), 272.
  • Lehance, C., Binet, J., Bury, T., & Croisier, J. L. (2009). Muscular strength, functional performances and injury risk in professional and junior elite soccer players. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 19(2), 243–251.
  • Lockie, R. G., Schultz, A. B., Jeffriess, M. D., & Callaghan, S. J. (2012). The relationship between bilateral differences of knee flexor and extensor isokinetic strength and multi-directional speed. Isokinetics and exercise science, 20(3), 211-219.
  • Magalhães, J., Inácio, M., Oliveira, E., Ribeiro, J. C., & Ascensão, A. (2011). Physiological and neuromuscular impact of beach-volleyball with reference to fatigue and recovery. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 51(1), 66–73.
  • Malliou, P.; Ispirlidis, I.; Beneka, A.; Taxildaris, K.; Godolias, G. (2003). Vertical jump and knee extensors isokinetic performance in professional soccer players related to the phase of the training period. Isokinet. Exerc. Sci. 11, 165–169.
  • Newman, M. A., Tarpenning, K. M., & Marino, F. E. (2004). Relationships between isokinetic knee strength, single-sprint performance, and repeated-sprint ability in football players. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 18(4), 867-872.
  • Özçakar, L., KunduracIoğlu, B., Çetin, A., Ulkar, B., Guner, R., & Hascelik, Z. (2003). Comprehensive isokinetic knee measurements and quadriceps tendon evaluations in footballers for assessing functional performance. British journal of sports medicine, 37(6), 507–510. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.37.6.507.
  • Özdemir, F. M. (2013). Genç futbolcularda çeviklik, sürat, güç ve kuvvet arasındaki ilişkinin yaşa göre incelenmesi (Yüksek Lisans Tezi). Başkent Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Saliba, L., & Hrysomallis, C. (2001). Isokinetic strength related to jumping but not kicking performance of Australian footballers. Journal of science and medicine in sport, 4(3), 336–347.
  • Schache, A. G., Blanch, P. D., Dorn, T. W., Brown, N. A., Rosemond, D., & Pandy, M. G. (2011). Effect of running speed on lower limb joint kinetics. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 43(7), 1260-1271.
  • Schons P, Fischer G, Rosa RG, Berriel GP, Tartaruga LAP (2018). Correlations between the strength of knee extensor and flexor muscles and jump performance in volleyball players: A review. Journal of Physical Education, 29(1): 1-12.
  • Stølen, T., Chamari, K., Castagna, C., & Wisløff, U. (2005). Physiology of soccer: an update. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 35(6), 501–536.
  • Taylor, J. B., Wright, A. A., Dischiavi, S. L., Townsend, M. A., & Marmon, A. R. (2017). Activity Demands During Multi-Directional Team Sports: A Systematic Review. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 47(12), 2533–2551.
  • Tsiokanos, A., Kellis, E., Jamurtas, A., & Kellis, S. (2002). The relationship between jumping performance and isokinetic strength of hip and knee extensors and ankle plantar flexors. Isokinetics and exercise science, 10(2), 107-115.
  • Yapıcı, A. (2016). Evaluation of the relationship between isokinetic strength and field performance in professional male volleyball players. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science.
  • Yılmaz, A.K.; Kabadayı, M.; Bostancı, Ö.; Özdal, M. (2019) Mayda, M.H. Analysis of isokinetic knee strength in soccer players in terms of selected parameters. Phys. Educ. Stud. 23, 209–216.
  • Wrigley, T.W. (2000) Assessment for football: Soccer, Australian rules, and American. In Isokinetics in Human Performance; Brown, L.E., Ed.; Human Kinetics: Champaign, IL, USA, pp. 407–428.

The Relationship of Isokinetic Strength Values at 60° Angle Speed with Jump and Sprint Performance in Young Soccer Players

Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 26 - 31, 14.06.2022

Öz

This study was conducted to determine the relationship between the isokinetic forces of the knee joint flexor (hamstring) and extensor (m. quadriceps) muscle groups measured at 60° angular velocity, and 10 m to 30 m linear sprint performance and jump tests (active and squat) at the soccer players. 49 volunteer soccer players with an average age of 15.65±0.93 years, a mean height of 177.45 ± 7.42 cm, and an average body weight of 70.08±4.31 kg participated in the study. The participants were applied counter movement jump and squat jump tests, 10 and 30 m sprint tests and isokinetic strength test at 60o/s angular speed. There was no correlation between 60o/s angular velocity isokinetic force values and jump heights and 10m sprint time (p> 0.05). It was determined that there was a negative correlation between right and left leg extension peak torque forces and 30m sprint times (p<0.05). It is thought that the peak torque values obtained at low angular velocities used in isokinetic strength tests do not provide information about the jump and sprint performance of the athletes.

Kaynakça

  • Andersson, H., Raastad, T., Nilsson, J., Paulsen, G., Garthe, I., & Kadi, F. (2008). Neuromuscular fatigue and recovery in elite female soccer: effects of active recovery. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 40(2), 372–380.
  • Baroni BM, Ruas CV, Ribeiro-Alvares JB, Pinto RS. (2020). Hamstring-to-Quadriceps Torque Ratios of Professional Male Soccer Players: A Systematic Review. J Strength Cond Res. Jan;34(1):281-293.
  • Cometti, G., Maffiuletti, N. A., Pousson, M., Chatard, J. C., & Maffulli, N. (2001). Isokinetic strength and anaerobic power of elite, subelite and amateur French soccer players. International journal of sports medicine, 22(01), 45-51.
  • Dowson, M. N., Nevill, M. E., Lakomy, H. K. A., Nevill, A. M., & Hazeldine, R. J. (1998). Modelling the relationship between isokinetic muscle strength and sprint running performance. Journal of sports sciences, 16(3), 257-265.
  • Hori, M., Suga, T., Terada, M., Tanaka, T., Kusagawa, Y., Otsuka, M., ... & Isaka, T. (2021). Relationship of the knee extensor strength but not the quadriceps femoris muscularity with sprint performance in sprinters: a reexamination and extension. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 13(1), 1-10.
  • Iaia FM, Rampinini E, Bangsbo J. (2009). High-intensity training in football. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. Sep;4(3):291-306. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.4.3.291. PMID: 19953818.
  • Iossifidou, A., Baltzopoulos, V., & Giakas, G. (2005). Isokinetic knee extension and vertical jumping: are they related?. Journal of sports sciences, 23(10), 1121-1127.
  • Kabacinski, J., Murawa, M., Mackala, K., & Dworak, L. B. (2018). Knee strength ratios in competitive female athletes. PloS one, 13(1), e0191077.
  • Kabacinski, J., Szozda, P. M., Mackala, K., Murawa, M., Rzepnicka, A., Szewczyk, P., & Dworak, L. B. (2022). Relationship between Isokinetic Knee Strength and Speed, Agility, and Explosive Power in Elite Soccer Players. International journal of environmental research and public health, 19(2), 671.
  • Krustrup, P., Mohr, M., Steensberg, A., Bencke, J., Kjaer, M., & Bangsbo, J. (2006). Muscle and blood metabolites during a soccer game: implications for sprint performance. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 38(6), 1165–1174.
  • Krustrup, P., Christensen, J. F., Randers, M. B., Pedersen, H., Sundstrup, E., Jakobsen, M. D., Krustrup, B. R., Nielsen, J. J., Suetta, C., Nybo, L., & Bangsbo, J. (2010). Muscle adaptations and performance enhancements of soccer training for untrained men. European journal of applied physiology, 108(6), 1247–1258.
  • Laudner, K., Evans, D., Wong, R., Allen, A., Kirsch, T., Long, B., & Meister, K. (2015). Relationship between isokinetic knee strength and jump characteristics following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. International journal of sports physical therapy, 10(3), 272.
  • Lehance, C., Binet, J., Bury, T., & Croisier, J. L. (2009). Muscular strength, functional performances and injury risk in professional and junior elite soccer players. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 19(2), 243–251.
  • Lockie, R. G., Schultz, A. B., Jeffriess, M. D., & Callaghan, S. J. (2012). The relationship between bilateral differences of knee flexor and extensor isokinetic strength and multi-directional speed. Isokinetics and exercise science, 20(3), 211-219.
  • Magalhães, J., Inácio, M., Oliveira, E., Ribeiro, J. C., & Ascensão, A. (2011). Physiological and neuromuscular impact of beach-volleyball with reference to fatigue and recovery. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 51(1), 66–73.
  • Malliou, P.; Ispirlidis, I.; Beneka, A.; Taxildaris, K.; Godolias, G. (2003). Vertical jump and knee extensors isokinetic performance in professional soccer players related to the phase of the training period. Isokinet. Exerc. Sci. 11, 165–169.
  • Newman, M. A., Tarpenning, K. M., & Marino, F. E. (2004). Relationships between isokinetic knee strength, single-sprint performance, and repeated-sprint ability in football players. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 18(4), 867-872.
  • Özçakar, L., KunduracIoğlu, B., Çetin, A., Ulkar, B., Guner, R., & Hascelik, Z. (2003). Comprehensive isokinetic knee measurements and quadriceps tendon evaluations in footballers for assessing functional performance. British journal of sports medicine, 37(6), 507–510. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.37.6.507.
  • Özdemir, F. M. (2013). Genç futbolcularda çeviklik, sürat, güç ve kuvvet arasındaki ilişkinin yaşa göre incelenmesi (Yüksek Lisans Tezi). Başkent Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Saliba, L., & Hrysomallis, C. (2001). Isokinetic strength related to jumping but not kicking performance of Australian footballers. Journal of science and medicine in sport, 4(3), 336–347.
  • Schache, A. G., Blanch, P. D., Dorn, T. W., Brown, N. A., Rosemond, D., & Pandy, M. G. (2011). Effect of running speed on lower limb joint kinetics. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 43(7), 1260-1271.
  • Schons P, Fischer G, Rosa RG, Berriel GP, Tartaruga LAP (2018). Correlations between the strength of knee extensor and flexor muscles and jump performance in volleyball players: A review. Journal of Physical Education, 29(1): 1-12.
  • Stølen, T., Chamari, K., Castagna, C., & Wisløff, U. (2005). Physiology of soccer: an update. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 35(6), 501–536.
  • Taylor, J. B., Wright, A. A., Dischiavi, S. L., Townsend, M. A., & Marmon, A. R. (2017). Activity Demands During Multi-Directional Team Sports: A Systematic Review. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 47(12), 2533–2551.
  • Tsiokanos, A., Kellis, E., Jamurtas, A., & Kellis, S. (2002). The relationship between jumping performance and isokinetic strength of hip and knee extensors and ankle plantar flexors. Isokinetics and exercise science, 10(2), 107-115.
  • Yapıcı, A. (2016). Evaluation of the relationship between isokinetic strength and field performance in professional male volleyball players. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science.
  • Yılmaz, A.K.; Kabadayı, M.; Bostancı, Ö.; Özdal, M. (2019) Mayda, M.H. Analysis of isokinetic knee strength in soccer players in terms of selected parameters. Phys. Educ. Stud. 23, 209–216.
  • Wrigley, T.W. (2000) Assessment for football: Soccer, Australian rules, and American. In Isokinetics in Human Performance; Brown, L.E., Ed.; Human Kinetics: Champaign, IL, USA, pp. 407–428.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Spor Bilimleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Sadi ÖN>
Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Fakültesi
0000-0002-8047-9861
Türkiye


Gürkan DİKER> (Sorumlu Yazar)
SİVAS CUMHURİYET ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SPOR BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-0407-8238
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 14 Haziran 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 12 Mayıs 2022
Kabul Tarihi 8 Haziran 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Ön, S. & Diker, G. (2022). Genç Futbolcularda 60° Açısal Hızlardaki İzokinetik Kuvvet Değerlerinin Sıçrama ve Sprint Performansı ile İlişkisi . Sivas Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi , 3 (1) , 26-31 . Retrieved from http://cuspor.cumhuriyet.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/70284/1115875